Understanding Adult Anxiety Disorders (Severe Anxiety)

Author : thecreativediary123
Publish Date : 2021-03-31 11:28:10
Understanding Adult Anxiety Disorders (Severe Anxiety)

Anxiety disorders are frequent psychiatric conditions manifested in different ways (generalised anxiety, phobias, panic disorder, etc.) and significantly disrupt everyday life. Many psychological, biological, and environmental factors may favor their occurrence.

 

WHAT ARE ANXIETY DISORDERS (OR SEVERE ANXIETY)?

A person suffers from anxiety disorders when they experience anxiety that :

  • Repeating itself,

  • Settles in overtime,
  • Occurs unrelated to real danger or threat,
  • Creates suffering such that it permanently disrupts his daily life.

The anxiety disorders are different from the fear and anxiety passing:

  • A transient fear is a normal reaction to a stressful situation such as an exam, a job interview, or any other event you have to deal with.
  • The anxiety, often called " anxiety" is an overreaction but passing to a situation perceived as a threat. It is experienced as a painful apprehension of a danger that is precise or poorly identified.

Anxiety disorders are chronic and are expressed in different ways in different people and grouped into various diseases.

Generalized anxiety

It combines:

  • It is a constant state of worry, difficult to control and to last (more than 6 months), concerning at least two different themes (work, money, health, future ...) The person is in a state of anxiety and fears almost permanent, and its concerns are disproportionate to the reality of the risks. She is in a state of extreme vigilance towards her entourage and her environment;
  • Different physical symptoms ( headaches, muscle pain, fatigue, insomnia, sweating, palpitations ...).

Panic disorder

Panic disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by the repetition of panic attacks and fear of their occurrence.

It, therefore, corresponds to the association of two phenomena:

  • On the one hand, the repetition of panic attacks (or acute anxiety attacks), more or less frequent and of unpredictable occurrence;
  • On the other hand, the fear in anticipation of a new panic attack (in other words, " the fear of being afraid ").

The phobia social

The anxiety is related to the gaze of others, be it one person or a group. It is present in anticipation, even before the person is exposed to the gaze of another person.

The phobia social results in fear of social relationships, an apprehension of competitive situations, the fear of being watched, or acting under others' gaze and judgment.

The person is afraid to speak in public, work, and write under the gaze of others. She is afraid of blushing in public, of trembling, losing her means, not being able to express herself, performing the right actions ...)

The phobia specific

It is characterized by an intense, unreasonable fear triggered by:

  • An object or a natural element (darkness, storm, blood ...),
  • An animal (fear triggered at the sight of a spider or arachnophobia, a snake, a mouse ...),
  • Or a situation (being in height, being locked up or claustrophobia, being in a public place, or agoraphobia ...).

TOC

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by two types of symptoms, more or less pronounced, obsessions and compulsions, which may occur individually or simultaneously. These symptoms have, in all cases, a heavy impact on daily behavior.

Obsessions are intrusive and recurring thoughts (ideas, images) or impulses (irresistible need to perform certain acts). They relate to specific topics:

  • Dirt and contamination,
  • Sacrilege,
  • Sexuality,
  • Disorder,

Compulsions are repetitive behaviors or mental acts (or "rituals") that the person feels compelled to repeat to get the obsession out of their mind or reduce their anxiety. She performs them to reduce the anxiety or suffering generated by the obsessions. Depending on the nature of the latter, the compulsions take a particular form:

  • Hand washing,
  • Checks,
  • Storage in a precise order,
  • Counting,
  • Pray,
  • Silent repetition of certain words ...

Post-traumatic stress disorder

This anxious state occurs after a traumatic event during which the person or other people may have risked death or be seriously injured (attack, serious accident, murder ...) It lasts for more than a month and results in:

  • Revivals (the traumatic event is relived over and over again) and nightmares,
  • Avoidance of places, people, words ... evoking the trauma,
  • Disturbing behavior such as hypervigilance to the threat, exaggerated startle reactions, inability to concentrate, insomnia ...
  • Suffering or impairment of social or professional functioning ...

CAUSES OF ANXIETY DISORDERS

The causes of an anxiety disorder are difficult to determine, and often an anxiety disorder occurs without it being possible to identify the origin.

However, a set of factors seem to favor their appearance, in particular:

  • A family history of anxiety disorders;
  • Traumatic events;
  • The consumption of alcohol or drugs;
  • Taking certain medications;
  • The existence of other medical or psychiatric problems.

 

If you face any of the above mental health problem or depression, contact Kentucky mental health

care for the best telehealth psychiatry services in Louisville, Kentucky.



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